Four Winds Rule Collection European Classical

4. Miscellaneous rules

The following rules can be considered optional.

4.1 Obligatory Ready declaration

Sometimes the rules require that a player must declare ready (say "ready", "calling", or "fishing") before being able to declare out. A player cannot declare ready and out on the same turn (except on the very first turn if he goes out before making his first discard).

The declaration informs other players that a player needs only one tile complete his hand, and thus warns them to be careful with discards. This rule is typical in British and some Scandinavian/Nordic versions of Mah Jong.

There are usually no special requirements for a hand that is declared ready. E.g., the rules normally allow changing (improving) the hand after the declaration, though if this is allowed, it is not possible to control whether a declaration is used for bluffing.

4.2 Voluntary Ready declaration

Voluntary Ready declaration is typically used in Japanese Mah Jong (where the declaration is called rii chi, which means "ready"), but appears occasionally in Western versions, too. The following describes the way this rule is applied in some French and Italian versions of Mah Jong. A comprehensive description of the original rule can be found in the section that describes variations in the modern Japanese Mah Jong.

4.2.1 French version
4.2.2 Italian version
4.3 Penalties

The etiquette for correct drawing and claiming of tiles may vary, as may the consequences for violating the etiquette. Basically the irregularities which have no effect on other players should have no consequences in friendly games. To avoid confusion, the players should agree on the etiquette and penalties before beginning the game.

In the following some common practices are listed:

4.4 Insurance penalties

Insurance penalties are normally not used. If they are used, they are applied as in Chinese Classical rules.

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